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Confronting and Reducing Sexism: A Call for Research on Intervention
von Becker, Julia C.; Zawadzki, Matthew J.; Shields, Stephanie A.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 603-614

...This article presents the current state of research on confronting and reducing sexism. We first provide a systematic overview about prior work on confronting sexism. We identify gaps in the literatur...

Do You Say Something When It's Your Boss? The Role of Perpetrator Power in Prejudice Confrontation
von Ashburn-Nardo, Leslie; Blanchar, John C.; Petersson, Jessica; Morris, Kathryn A.; Goodwin, Stephanie A.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 615-636

...Two experiments examined the role of perpetrator power in witnesses' decision to confront a prejudicial remark. In Experiment 1, participants who witnessed a sexist remark by a higher-power (vs. an eq...

Allies against Sexism: The Role of Men in Confronting Sexism
von Drury, Benjamin J.; Kaiser, Cheryl R.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 637-652

...This article reviews the small but emerging literature on men who become allies against sexism. Although men are less likely than women to recognize sexism, male allies possess psychological belief sy...

Confronting Sexism as Persuasion: Effects of a Confrontation's Recipient, Source, Message, and Context
von Gervais, Sarah J.; Hillard, Amy L.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 653-667

...We applied the message-learning theory of persuasion to examine perceptions of leaders who confront sexism. Participants (N = 283) read vignettes that varied the confrontation message (i.e., directnes...

Ways to Go: Men's and Women's Support for Aggressive and Nonaggressive Confrontation of Sexism as a Function of Gender Identification
von Becker, Julia C.; Barreto, Manuela
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 668-686

...This research examines male and female perceivers' reactions to a female target who (1) confronted sexism nonaggressively, (2) confronted sexism aggressively (by slapping the perpetrator), or (3) did ...

A Review of Organizational Strategies for Reducing Sexual Harassment: Insights from the U. S. Military
von Buchanan, NiCole T.; Settles, Isis H.; Hall, Angela T.; O'Connor, Rachel C.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 687-702

...Sexual harassment is a form of sexual victimization with its roots in sexism. Despite efforts to reduce its prevalence, it continues to be one of the most common forms of workplace mistreatment. This ...

Using Experiential Learning to Increase the Recognition of Everyday Sexism as Harmful: The WAGES Intervention
von Cundiff, Jessica L.; Zawadzki, Matthew J.; Danube, Cinnamon L.; Shields, Stephanie A.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 703-721

...The harms of subtle sexism tend to be minimized despite negative cumulative effects, thus people may be less motivated to address subtle sexism. We tested the effectiveness of an experiential learning...

Reflecting on Heterosexual and Male Privilege: Interventions to Raise Awareness
von Case, Kim A.; Hensley, Rachel; Anderson, Amber
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 722-740

...Gender-focused college courses seek to increase understanding of the systematic advantages associated with dominant group membership. These courses attempt to reduce prejudice and raise awareness of m...

From Sex to Gender: A University Intervention to Reduce Sexism in Argentina, Spain, and El Salvador
von Lemus, Soledad; Navarro, Laura; Velasquez, Marta J.; Ryan, Estrella; Megias, Jesus L.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 741-762

...We present an intervention to reduce gender prejudice in future professionals of social sciences in three samples from Argentina (N = 28), Spain (N = 83), and El Salvador (N = 67), with slight differe...

Sanctioning Resistance to Sexual Objectification: An Integrative System Justification Perspective
von Calogero, Rachel M.; Tylka, Tracy L.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 763-778

...In this article, we describe an integrated theoretical approach for promoting resistance to the system of sexual objectification. Drawing from system justification and objectification theories, we pro...

Commentary: Encouraging Confrontation
von Glick, Peter
In: Journal of Social Issues, 70 (2014), 4, p. 779-791

...Sexism differs from other prejudices due to intimate interdependence between the sexes, requiring gender-specific research on effective ways to confront sexist behavior. Two central themes emerge from...

Pathways Housing First for Homeless Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities: Program Innovation, Research, and Advocacy
von Greenwood, Ronni Michelle; Stefancic, Ana; Tsemberis, Sam
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 4, p. 645-663

...This article describes how the Pathways Housing First (PHF) model of homelessness intervention evolved from a radical idea to the gold standard of service delivery for homelessness intervention progra...

Uncertainty and the Roots of Extremism
von Hogg, Michael A.; Kruglanski, Arie; van den Bos, Kees
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 3, p. 407-418

...Extremism in society is the source of enormous human suffering and represents a significant social problem. In this article, we make a case for the urgency of understanding the psychology of societal ...

Commitment and Extremism: A Goal Systemic Analysis
von Klein, Kristen M.; Kruglanski, Arie W.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 3, p. 419-435

...Growing evidence suggests that uncertainty is related to extremism in its various forms. The aim of the present article is to probe the underlying psychological mechanisms of this relation. We begin b...

Uncertainty-Identity Theory: Extreme Groups, Radical Behavior, and Authoritarian Leadership
von Hogg, Michael A.; Adelman, Janice
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 3, p. 436-454

...This article describes uncertainty-identity theory's analysis of how self-uncertainty may lead, through social identity and self-categorization processes, to group and societal extremism. We provide d...

A Raw Deal: Heightened Liberalism Following Exposure to Anomalous Playing Cards
von Proulx, Travis; Major, Brenda
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 3, p. 455-472

...According to the meaning maintenance model, people may respond to meaning violations by affirming unrelated beliefs to which they are committed. While this affirmation generally moves in the direction...

Uncertainty and Status-Based Asymmetries in the Distinction Between the 'Good' Us and the 'Bad' Them: Evidence That Group Status Strengthens the Relationship Between the Need for Cognitive Closure and Extremity in Intergroup Differentiation
von Federico, Christopher M.; Hunt, Corrie V.; Fisher, Emily L.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 3, p. 473-494

...In this article, we look at how a key index of discomfort with uncertainty -- the need for cognitive closure -- interacts with perceived group status to influence a key antecedent of extremism: interg...

Culture and Extremism
von Gelfand, Michele J.; LaFree, Gary; Fahey, Susan; Feinberg, Emily
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 3, p. 495-517

...Much research in the last several decades has examined the social, political, and economic factors that predict terrorism, yet to date, there has been little attention to cultural factors and their re...

Uncertainty, Threat, and the Role of the Media in Promoting the Dehumanization of Immigrants and Refugees
von Esses, Victoria M.; Medianu, Stelian; Lawson, Andrea S.
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 3, p. 518-536

...Immigration policies and the treatment of immigrants and refugees are contentious issues involving uncertainty and unease. The media may take advantage of this uncertainty to create a crisis mentality...

Anxious Uncertainty and Reactive Approach Motivation (RAM) for Religious, Idealistic, and Lifestyle Extremes
von McGregor, Ian; Prentice, Mike; Nash, Kyle
In: Journal of Social Issues, 69 (2013), 3, p. 537-563

...Reactive Approach Motivation (RAM) theory proposes that the personal uncertainty arising from motivational conflict causes anxiety, and that anxiety draws people to extremes because extremes activate ...

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